Law and Legal Information Directory (LLID)

Law and Legal Information Directory (LLID) provides descriptions and contact information for institutions, services and facilities in the law and legal information industry. You'll find a comprehensive range of entries on bar review courses; national and international organizations; bar associations; federal court systems; law schools, scholarships and grants; legal periodicals; lawyer referral services; legal aid offices; public defender offices; small claims courts; and more.

The remainder of this page is divided into the following sections:

Go to the list of all eDirectories.

Section 1: Scope

Law and Legal Information Directory (LLID) describes organizations, services, programs, and other sources of information about the legal field, bringing together in one work a vast array of information on an area of increasing significance to all walks of life. From the casual newspaper reader to the legal professional, everyone is aware of the impact of the law on everyday situations: malpractice for lawyers, dentists, doctors, and even clergy; compliance regulations to avoid gender, racial, or disabilities discrimination; waste disposal directives; and a myriad of other laws with ramifications for social, economic, and political activities. This eDirectory directs the librarian, layperson, business professional, student, scholar, and government official to sources of current facts and details concerning the legal field.

LLID profiles a wide range of organizations, services, and programs relating to law and the legal profession. Materials are organized into 46 sections. A unique type of resource is covered by each section, so the content, arrangement, and indexing varies accordingly from section to section. Consult Section 3 for more details.

Section 2: Method of Compilation

A work encompassing so wide a range of information sources calls for the utilization of a number of different procedures and strategies in its preparation. The methods used in the compilation of the entries in this eDirectory included analysis of published and nonpublished government sources, state and organization websites, and use of Gale databases.

Section 3: What You'll Find in an LLID Entry and Searchable Fields

Law and Legal Information Directory (LLID) profiles a wide range of organizations, services, and programs relating to law and the legal profession. The main method used to store entries is by the name of the organization/service/program or other entity; however, there many ways to find entries, including by Keyword, or by some other specific field of data using Advanced Search (refer to the Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) column in the table below).

When you search for entries, your search results will show the main fields of data, enough to give you a brief view of the entity profiled. The full entry can be viewed on the entry display page by selecting the entry name from your results list.

Note: The wide range of organizations, services, and programs contained in Law and Legal Information Directory precludes standard treatment of individual fields. The formats and indexing of the entries vary according to the nature of the material presented. Thus, the searchable fields (also known as indexes) are described below, followed a brief explanation of the various kinds of entries you'll find.

Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) Description
Keyword (ke) Searches entity names, descriptions, content summaries, publication titles that appear within entries, section headings, and other key fields.
Name (ti) Searches main entity names, which include organizations, services, and programs. This index also searches any alternate and former names that may appear within a listing. Note that entity names may consist of multiple parts, including one or more of the following: a geographic region in parentheses at the beginning of the entry name block, a parent organization, intermediate subunits, the main name of the entity, foreign language names and possibly and acronym in parentheses at the end. All of these name components are searched with the ti index.
City (cc)
State (sc)
Zip (zc)
Country (cn)
Searches specific parts of the mailing address associated with the entity.
Area Code (ar) The area code portion of the phone number can be searched using this index.
Product/Publication Title (pt) Searches for publication titles within an entry listing, which may be found in entries in the following Sections: 01, 07, and 22. Note: Since Section 16 features legal publications, the publication title will appear as the entity name and should be searched using the Name (ti) index.
Section Heading (sh) Searches the broad category heading into which the entries in this eDirectory are grouped. The Sections in LLID are:
National and International Organizations (01)
Bar Associations (02)
Bar Examination and Admission to Legal Practice Requirements (03)
Federal Court System (04)
Highest State Courts (05)
Federal Regulatory Agencies (06)
Law Schools (07)
Continuing Legal Education (08)
Paralegal Education (09)
Scholarships, Fellowships, and Grants (10)
Awards and Prizes (11)
Special Libraries (12)
Information Systems and Services (13)
Research Centers (14)
Consultants and Consulting Organizations (15)
Legal Publications (16)
Book and Media Publishers (17)
State Lawyer Disciplinary Agencies (18)
Lawyer Referral Services (19)
Legal Aid Offices (20)
Public Defender Offices (21)
Legislative Manuals and Registers (22)
Small Claims Courts (23)
Corporation Departments of States and Provinces (24)
State Law Enforcement Agencies (25)
Bill Status of State Legislation (26)
State Environmental Protection Offices (27)
State Banking Authorities (28)
State Securities Offices (29)
State Food and Drug Offices (30)
State Departments of Public Health (31)
State Housing Authorities and Agencies (32)
State Commissioners of Insurance (33)
State Occupational Safety and Health Offices (34)
State Real Estate Commissions (35)
State Boating Authorities (36)
State Occupational and Professional Licensing Boards (37)
State Weights and Measures Offices (38)
State Public Utility Commissions (39)
State Consumer Protection Offices (40)
State Education Departments (41)
Bar Examination Review Courses (42)
Child Support Enforcement (43)
Elections and Lobbying (44)
State Offices of Corrections, Probation and Parole (45)
Labor and Workers’ Compensation Offices (46)

Refer to the "Section Descriptions" below for complete details on what you'll find in each kind of entry.
Source Citation Bibliographic information, along with a How to Cite link.
Gale Document Number Displays the document's unique identifying number.

Section Descriptions

1. National and International Organizations

This section provides details on organizations and professional societies that are in some specific way related to the legal field. For each entry the following details may be provided: name of organization; address; phone number; fax number; URL and e-mail address where possible; chief official and title; description of the organization’s activities, including publications; and former names. If the name of the organization does not fully indicate the area or areas with which the organization is concerned, the subject is provided in parentheses before the name.

2. Bar Associations

This section lists local and state bar associations in the United States and local and provincial bar associations in Canada. Only those bar associations whose memberships are based upon geographical locations are included in this section. For each entry the following details are provided: name of the association, address, telephone number, fax number, and chief official and title. In addition, URLs and e-mail addresses are included when available. The section is arranged by state and province.

3. Bar Examination and Admission to Legal Practice Requirements

This section describes educational and residence requirements for taking the bar examination and requirements for admission to the bars of all fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Examination subjects tested by each bar are listed, including (1) multistate subjects, (2) state subjects (those states which do not participate in the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MBE) will list all subjects tested as state subjects), and (3) Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (administered separately and required in a growing number of jurisdictions to have been taken prior to admission). Information on admission of attorneys is provided under Reciprocity Conditions. Addresses, telephone numbers and fax numbers, as well as URLs and/or e-mail addresses if known, are also provided.

4. Federal Court System

This section is arranged to conform to the structure of the federal court system. Information is provided about the system, comprising the Supreme Court of the United States, the handful of courts with special jurisdiction (characterized here as special federal courts), the twelve courts of appeals (circuit courts), and the ninety-four district courts. Clerks’ offices that are vital to those seeking information about or from each court have been identified, and names of the clerks and their telephone and fax numbers have been provided. Addresses for all courts have been included, as well as names of the judges. URLs are included where applicable. Under each district court the appropriate circuit court is given in parentheses.

5. Highest State Courts

Entries in this section supply information on the highest appellate courts of all fifty states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. Names of clerks, telephone and fax numbers, court addresses, e-mail addresses if known, and names of judges are included. Because of the diverse appellate arrangement of state court systems, this volume does not provide any other details covering them. Virtually every state, however, publishes a directory or manual at intervals ranging from annual to biennial or triennial, which lists and describes its departments, offices, and government agencies.

6. Federal Regulatory Agencies

This section provides details about federal government agencies that promulgate and issue regulations. Independent agencies as well as executive departments are included. Information supplied for each agency includes address, public information contact, telephone number, fax number, and a description of the organization’s activities.

7. Law Schools

This section offers details about law schools in the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico. Entries may include the name of the school, the parent university, address, telephone and fax numbers, URL and/or e-mail address if known, and degrees offered, including joint degree programs, source of accreditation (except for Canada where there is no central accrediting organization), and publications.

8. Continuing Legal Education

This section identifies organizations that offer seminars, workshops, and other nonformal courses and forms of legal education in the United States and Canada. The entity name will include the parent organization, where applicable. Details include address, telephone number, and fax number.

9. Paralegal Education

This section provides details about training opportunities available in the paralegal field. A legal assistant, also know as a legal analyst, legal paraprofessional, legal technologist, paralegal assistant, or simply paralegal, is a person trained to provide services to attorneys, judges, prosecutors, clerks, and other court personnel. For each paralegal program listed in this section the following details have been provided whenever possible: name of institution, address, telephone and fax numbers, and URL and/or e-mail address when available.

10. Scholarships, Fellowships, and Grants

Details are furnished here on opportunities for scholarships, fellowships, and grant support for those pursuing study or research in the legal field. Entries include the name of the organization offering the stipend, fellowship, or scholarship. Details provided include eligibility requirements, terms of the scholarship, fellowship, or grant, and the address, telephone number, fax number, URL and/or email address of the sponsoring organization (when available). Please note that in addition to the scholarships, fellowships, and grants identified in this section, all of the schools included in Section 7 of this volume, Law Schools, offer financial aid.

11. Awards and Prizes

This section provides details about the honors and distinctions awarded in the broad field of law. Details provided included the name of the sponsoring organization, address, telephone number, fax number, and a description of the terms of eligibility and form of the prize or award. URLs and/or e-mail addresses are also included whenever possible.

12. Special Libraries

This section offers details about law libraries in the United States, Canada, and the world, as well as general libraries with substantial legal collections. The fields covered encompass the general subject of law, including canon law, as well as criminology, forensic science, legal medicine, and legislation.

Entity names will include the region in parentheses, along with the parent organization(s), then the distinctive name of the library/institution, if there is one. Foreign names may appear at the end of the name, in parentheses. Additional details include the address, telephone number, fax number, and size of holdings including special collections and number of subscriptions. URLs and/or e-mail addresses are included where available. Restrictions on use of the collection are provided whenever possible.

13. Information Systems and Services

This section supplies details for specialized and computerized information systems serving the legal field in the United States and Canada, as well as certain key international specialized and computerized information systems. Selected Information Services include LEXIS, WESTLAW, Q L Systems Limited, INSLAW, and JUSTIS. For each information service the following details are provided whenever possible: name of the sponsoring organization, address, telephone number, fax number, details of the programs and services, computer-based products, and clientele/availability, URL, and/or e-mail address whenever possible.

14. Research Centers

This section provides information about research organizations and activities in the general field of law and in related substantive areas in the United States and Canada as well as certain key international research centers. The centers are by the name of the parent organization, along with the name of the center itself. Where the center is an independent research organization, it is listed directly under that name. Details provided about each research center include the address, telephone number, fax number, URL and/or e-mail address when possible, chief official and title, and a sketch of the principal activities and fields of research.

15. Consultants and Consulting Organizations

This section lists organizations, individuals, and companies involved in legal consulting. The following details are provided whenever possible: address, telephone number, fax number, e-mail address, URL, and details of programs and services offered.

16. Legal Publications

This section provides details on the primary journals, legal newspapers, regular law school publications, special subject journals, newsletters, and legal loose leaf services issued in the United States, Canada, and certain key international publications in the broad field of law. Each entry supplies the title of the publication, frequency and the publisher’s name, address, phone number, and fax number, as well as URL, e-mail address, and a brief description whenever possible.

17. Book and Media Publishers

This section lists U.S. and Canadian trade publishers and media producers who issue a significant portion of their products in the legal field. Entries include the publisher or producer name. Additional details include the address, telephone and fax numbers, as well as the URL and/or e-mail address when available. Please note that in addition to the publishers identified in this section, many of the associations included in Section 1 of this volume, National and International Organizations also publish material of significance to the field.

18. State Lawyer Disciplinary Agencies

This section lists the agencies who have been designated by the American Bar Association’s Center for Professional Responsibility, as listed in the Directory of Lawyer Disciplinary Agencies, available on the web from http://www.abanet.org/cpr/disciplinary.html. Grievances concerning an attorney’s lack of professionalism should be directed to the State Lawyer Disciplinary Agency, each of which is charged with investigating allegations of misconduct under the ethical standards applicable in their jurisdiction. Each entry provides the name and address of the agency with a telephone number, and fax number, as well as URL and/or e-mail address when available.

19. Lawyer Referral Services

This section lists state and local lawyer referral services in the United States and Canada. For each entry the following details are provided: name of the service, address, and telephone and fax numbers. E-mail addresses and URLs are included wherever possible.

For jurisdictions in which no lawyer referral services are listed, one may wish to contact the local bar association in that particular area, as many bar associations maintain lawyer referral services.

20. Legal Aid Offices

This section lists United States and Canadian legal aid offices. For each legal aid office the following details have been provided: name of legal aid office, address, telephone number, and fax number. For specific information on the types of legal assistance provided, contact the office or offices directly.

22. Legislative Manuals and Registers

In this section legislative manuals and or registers for each state in the United States are identified. For each entry the following details are provided: name of publication, publisher, address, telephone number, fax number, e-mail address when available, frequency and brief description of coverage.

23. Small Claims Courts

This section provides a listing of small claims courts in the United States and Puerto Rico. For each entry the following details are provided: type of court, the maximum dollar amount, and where to file suit.

24. Corporation Departments of States and Provinces

This section lists agencies in the United States and Canada where companies incorporate. For each state or province the following details are provided: official, department, address, telephone number, fax number, and URL and/or e-mail address when available.

25. State Law Enforcement Agencies

This section provides a listing of sheriffs’ offices, county general purpose police, and special police agencies in the United States. For each entry the following information is provided: name of agency, address, and telephone and fax numbers. In some instances, URL and/or e-mail address information is also provided.

26. Bill Status of State Legislation

This section lists offices or agencies responsible for tracking information on the current status of bills in process through the legislatures of all 50 states. Each entry provides the name and address of the office or agency along with telephone and fax numbers, for learning the exact status of any bill for which details are sought.

27. State Environmental Protection Offices

This section lists offices responsible for coordinating the activities and responding to inquiries concerning the control and reduction of air pollution, solid waste, and water pollution within their respective states. Each entry provides the name and address of the office along with telephone numbers, fax numbers, and the URL and/or e-mail address when available.

28. State Banking Authorities

This section lists authorities who are responsible for regulating and supervising state chartered banks. Each entry provides the name and address of the authority along with the telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address if known.

29. State Securities Offices

This section lists offices charged with regulating the sale of securities within each state. Each entry provides the name, address, telephone and fax numbers of each office. E-mail addresses are included when available.

30. State Food and Drug Offices

This section lists offices responsible for protecting the health of state residents against impure and unsafe foods, drugs, cosmetics, and other potential food and drug hazards outlined in the federal Food and Drug Administration mandate. Each entry provides the names and addresses of the offices along with the telephone numbers, fax numbers, and URLs and/or e-mail addresses when available.

31. State Departments of Public Health

This section lists the departments responsible for licensing and certifying in-state hospitals, nursing homes, health clinics, and home health agencies. Each entry provides the name, address, telephone number, and fax number of each department along with an e-mail address and/or URL when available.

32. State Housing Authorities and Agencies

This section lists offices which enforce state housing laws. Each entry provides the name and address of the authority or agency along with telephone and fax numbers.

33. State Commissioners of Insurance

This section lists commissioners responsible for monitoring and enforcing the insurance laws within their respective states. Each entry provides the name and address of each commissioner’s office along with telephone and fax numbers, and an e-mail address when available.

34. State Occupational Safety and Health Offices

This section lists offices responsible for protecting the employee’s rights to a safe and healthful workplace. Each entry lists the name and address of each office along with the telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address when available.

35. State Real Estate Commissions

This section lists the commissioners responsible for licensing real estate sales persons and brokers. Arranged alphabetically by state, entries include the names and addresses of each commission along with telephone numbers, fax numbers, and URLs and/or e-mail addresses when available.

36. State Boating Authorities

This section lists authorities responsible for the enforcement of state boating laws. Each entry includes the name and address of each authority along with the telephone number, fax number, and URL and/or e-mail address when available.

37. State Occupational and Professional Licensing Boards

This section lists boards responsible for licensing and regulating various occupations and professionals throughout each state. Each entry includes the name and address for each board along with telephone and fax numbers, and an e-mail address when available.

38. State Weights and Measures Offices

This section lists offices or agencies responsible for ensuring that commercial transactions are fair and accurate by enforcing laws and regulations as they pertain to weights and measures. Each entry includes the name and address of the office along with the telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address when available.

39. State Public Utility Commissions

This section lists commissions that regulate rates paid by consumers for public utilities. Each entry provides the name and address of each commission along with telephone and fax numbers when available.

40. State Consumer Protection Offices

This section lists offices or agencies responsible for investigating and mediating complaints from consumers. Each entry provides the name and address of each office or agency along with telephone and fax numbers, e-mail address, and/or URL when available.

41. State Education Departments

This section lists departments of education responsible for enforcing laws governing public elementary and secondary school systems. Each entry provides the name and address of the department along with a telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address if possible.

42. Bar Examination Review Courses

This section lists bar review courses that are offered by several companies and individuals to students preparing for the bar exam. Each entry provides the company or individual offering the course along with an address, phone and fax numbers, and URL and/or e-mail address when available.

43. Child Support Enforcement

This section lists offices or agencies responsible for child support enforcement.

44. Elections and Lobbying

This section lists state offices or agencies that deal with ethics in elections and lobbying.

45. State Offices of Corrections, Probation and Parole

This section lists offices and agencies that deal with corrections, parole, probation and pardons.

46. Labor and Workers’ Compensation Offices

This section lists offices and agencies that deal with issues related to labor and workers’ compensation.

Section 4: Comments and Suggestions Welcome

The editors have been gratified to receive numerous suggestions and constructive comments from users of this directory. Such helpful counsel is earnestly solicited and will be carefully considered in the preparation of subsequent editions. Please contact:

Project Editor
Law and Legal Information Directory
Gale, Cengage Learning
27500 Drake Rd.
Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535

Phone: (248) 699-4253
Toll-free: 800-877-GALE
Fax: (248) 699-8068

Visit us at www.gale.cengage.com.

View all eDirectories.


Related topics:

  
  • Welcome to Gale Directory Library
  • Product Overview
  • Acknowledgments
  • Advanced Search Indexes Based on the Publication(s) You Choose