Encyclopedia of Associations: International Organizations

Since 1956 the Encyclopedia of Associations has provided comprehensive information on national organizations headquartered in the United States. International Organizations (IO) extends the geographic scope of the Encyclopedia of Associations series by providing contact information and descriptions for multinational, binational organizations and national groups based throughout the world, as well as multinational assocations headquartered in the U.S.

The remainder of this page is divided into the following sections:

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Section 1: Scope

International Organizations covers more than 32,000 multinational and national membership organizations from more than 200 countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe - including U.S.-based organizations with a binational or multinational membership. Entries provide the names of directors, executive officers or other personal contacts; telephone, fax, telex, electronic mail, websites and bulletin boards; the group's history, governance, staff, membership, budget and affiliations; the goals and activities of the international organization, including research, awards, certification, education, lobbying and other important activities; and publication and convention information.

International Organizations includes more than 31,000 electronic mail addresses and more than 30,000 web sites for more effective communication. Also featured are more than 3,100 affiliate organizations at the regional, national, and international level to provide additional information and increase networking opportunities.

Section 2: Method of Compilation

The entries in International Organizations were compiled from information collected by independent researchers and from completed questionnaires and printed materials provided directly by associations. Considerable efforts are made to contact organizations that do not submit updated material.

Address Changes in the United Kingdom Listings

In harmony with recent changes implemented by the UK Royal Mail Postal Authority, all listings for organizations in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales feature appropriate United Kingdom addresses and postal codes, and appear in the Geographic Index as United Kingdom associations.

Section 3: What You'll Find in an IO Entry and Searchable Fields

Encyclopedia of Associations: International Organizations (IO) covers multinational and national membership organizations from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, including U.S.-based organizations with a bi-national or multinational membership. The main method used to store entries is by organization name; however, there many ways to find entries, including by Keyword, or by some other specific field of data using Advanced Search (refer to the Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) column in the table below).

When you search for entries, your search results will show the main fields of data, enough to give you a brief view of the organization profiled. The full entry can be viewed on the entry display page by selecting the entry name from your results list.

Tip: The table below lists the kinds of information you will find in the entries in this eDirectory. Note that not all fields are present in every entry.

The Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) column lists which Advanced Search index to use to search that field.

Field of Information Description Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es)
Name of Organization The official English version (if given). In cases where the organization is not officially referred to by an English name, the principal language name is used. "The", "Ltd.", and "Inc." are omitted from most listings, unless they are an integral part of the acronym used by the association. Name (ti)
Keyword (ke)
Address Contains the street address, city, state, full zip code, and country code. The address may be that of the permanent headquarters, or that of the executive officer or general secretary if there is no permanent address. You can search for organizations in a specific city, state, and/or zip code using Advanced Search. City (cc)
State (sc)
Zip (zc)
Country (cn)
Phone The country and city routing codes, as well as the local telephone number, are listed when furnished by the organization. The area code portion of the phone number can be searched using Advanced Search. Area Code (ar)
Free, Fax, and Telex The toll-free, fax and/or telex numbers are listed when furnished by the organization. Fax numbers include the country and city routing codes before the local number.  
Email The primary electronic mail address for the organization or contact person.  
Website The primary web address for the organization.  
Contact Many organizations employ full-time executives to handle their affairs. If the association does not employ a full-time executive, the name of an elected official or contact person has been provided. Officers (na)
Keyword (ke)
Founded Indicates the year in which the organization was formed. If the group has changed its name, the founding date is for the earliest name by which it was known. If the group was formed by a merger or supersedes another group, the founding date refers to the year in which this action took place; an attempt is also made to give the founding dates for the predecessor organizations in the body of the description. Year Founded (fd)
Members This figure may represent individuals, firms, institutions, other associations, or a combination of these categories. Since membership constantly fluctuates, the figure listed should be considered an approximation. If an organization describes itself as nonmembership, a notation is included, preceding the descriptive text. Number of Members (nm)
Membership Dues Offers the amount, frequency of renewal, and type of membership.  
Staff Many associations employ a small permanent staff. The fact that an organization has no paid staff does not mean it has a limited program. Many groups carry on extensive volunteer activities. Employee Count (em)
Budget This figure represents the approximate annual budget for all activities, as reported by the organization. Budget (bu)
Regional, National, State, and Local Groups Indicates the number of regional (continental or multinational), national, state, and local sections, chapters, clubs, councils, and branches comprising the organization.  
Languages The official and/or working languages of the organization are listed. If the organization does not correspond in English, the message "does not correspond in English" will appear. NOTE: The languages in which publications are available do not necessarily indicate languages of correspondence.  
Geographic Scope Organizations are MULTINATIONAL or NATIONAL in scope.  
Description Briefly outlines the types of membership, the purpose, and the activities of the association. Where no description is given, the title of the group is usually self-explanatory; in some cases, a summary of activities could not be obtained. Description (de)
Keyword (ke)
Library Provides information for organizations that maintain a library. Includes type of collection, holdings, and subject matter of collection, if available. Libraries Maintained (lb)
Awards If the group offers awards, the names, types, and descriptions are located here. Award Name (am)
Award Type (ay)
Awards Given (aw)
Computer Services Lists computer-based services offered by the organization, including online services and databases, bibliographic or other search services, automated mailing list services, and electronic publishing capabilities.  
Additional Websites List additional Internet addresses which may be used to access information on or related to the organization.  
Telecommunication Services Lists special communications services sponsored by the organization. Services included are additional e-mails, electronic bulletin boards, teleconference capabilities, phone referral systems, teletypes, and TDDs.  
Committees Notes those committees that give an indication of the activities of the group, as distinguished from administrative committees such as membership, finance, and convention.  
Sections and Divisions As in the listing of committees, only those sections or divisions related to special activities are included. Geographic divisions are omitted. Other titles used by some associations are Commissions, Councils, Departments, and Task Forces.  
Affiliated Organizations Lists organizations sponsored by or directly related to the listed group.  
Also Known As If the group is also known by another name, legally doing business under another name, or otherwise operates under a name different than its official title, that name is provided here. Additional principal language names are also listed here.  
Supersessions, Absorptions, Mergers, and Changes of Name If the group superseded or absorbed another organization or was formed by a merger, the original organization(s) and founding dates(s) are listed. Former names and the date of change to a new name are also indicated.  
Publications The official publications -— including magazines, bulletins, journals, proceedings, directories, and similar periodicals —- are listed alphabetically, with frequencies and descriptions. Languages in which the publications are available are noted when provided by the organization. NOTE: The languages in which publications are available do not necessarily indicate languages of correspondence. Publications Issued (pi)
Publication Frequency (fq)
Product/Publication Title (pt)
Publication Type (pd)
Keyword (ke)
Price The figures are as provided by the organization.  
ISSN The International Standard Serial Number is a unique code for the purpose of identifying a specific serial publication. It is listed when provided by the organization; not all publications have been assigned an ISSN.  
Circulation This figure is as reported by the organization.  
Advertising Indicates whether or not the association accepts advertising in the publication. Advertising Accepted (aa)
Alternate Formats Notes online, CD-ROM, diskette, and microform (includes microfiche and microfilm) availability.  
Also Cited As Lists any alternate or former names of the publication.  
Conventions/Meetings The frequency of national or international sessions and the dates and locations (city, state, and country) of the association’s conventions, meetings, or conferences are given, if available at the time of publication. Also noted is the presence of commercial exhibits and an average attendance figure. Conventions/Meetings Held (ch)
Exhibits at Meetings (m3)
Meeting Location (m0)
Meeting Name (m1)
Meeting Type (m2)
Subject(s) Lists subject matter terms associated with the purpose and description of the organization. Keyword (ke)
Section Broad category into which the organization is grouped. The Sections in IO are:
  • Trade, Business, and Commercial (01)
  • Environmental and Agricultural (02)
  • Legal, Governmental, Public Administration, and Military (03)
  • Engineering, Technological, and Natural and Social Sciences (04)
  • Educational (05)
  • Cultural (06)
  • Social Welfare (07)
  • Health and Medical (08)
  • Public Affairs (09)
  • Fraternal, Nationality, and Ethnic (10)
  • Religious (11)
  • Veterans’, Hereditary, and Patriotic (12)
  • Hobby and Avocational (13)
  • Athletic and Sports (14)
  • Labor Unions, Associations, and Federations (15)
  • Chambers of Commerce and Trade and Tourism (16)
  • Greek and Non-Greek Letter Societies, Associations, and Federations (17)
  • Fan Clubs (18)
Section Heading (sh)
Section Number (sn)
Keyword (ke)
SIC(s) Lists the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes, which are a way of dividing industries and organizations into hierarchical categories. The first digit indicates the highest-level, broad division code; the second digit designates the major group; the third and fourth digits represent the specific industry/group. For example, in the SIC code 8641, the 8 refers to Services, the 6 corresponds to Membership Organizations, and the 41 represents Civic, Social, and Fraternal Associations. You can locate organizations by searching their SIC codes using Advanced Search. SIC Code (ss)
Keyword (ke)
Industries Served Where applicable, lists the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) codes for the types of industries the organization works to promote. SIC Code (ss)
Gale Document Number Displays the document's unique identifying number.  

Section 4: Comments and Suggestions Welcome

If you have questions, concerns, or comments about the Encyclopedia of Associations: International Organizations or other Gale products, please contact Jennifer Bernardelli, Product Manager, Gale, 27500 Drake Road, Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535.

Matters pertaining to specific listings in IO, as well as suggestions for new listings, should be directed to: Tara Atterberry, Editor, International Organizations, Gale, 27500 Drake Road, Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535. Call toll-free: 800-347-GALE, or send an e-mail to Tara.Atterberry@cengage.com.

You may also visit us at www.gale.cengage.com.

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