Directories in Print

Directories in Print (DIP), cited as an "Outstanding Reference Source" by the Reference and Adult Services Division of the American Library Association, provides contact and descriptive information on directories published worldwide that cover subjects ranging from A (accountants, air pollution, automotive engineering) to Z (Zambia, zoological societies).

The remainder of this page is divided into the following sections:

Go to the list of all eDirectories.

Section 1: Scope

Directories in Print profiles some 16,000 publications, arranged in 26 broad subject categories, that contain lists of names, addresses, and, typically, descriptive details, either as the primary contents or as a supplemental section to the main contents, including:

and other lists of directory information of all kinds. Each directory is described with up to 29 fields of information, giving researchers all the details needed to make informed choices. DIP also provides information on the status of defunct and out-of-print directories, and includes entries for a few publications that do not contain directory-type information but are nevertheless likely to be looked for here.

Comprehensive Geographic Coverage

DIP offers unparalleled access to directories with coverage ranging from cities and states, to the U.S. as a whole, and to other countries worldwide. Listings for many important state and local directories provide a wealth of leads for businesses seeking new customers, contacts, outlets, and distributors in a specific region and for individuals and families searching for sources of employment, recreation, health-care, and/or education where they live. The coverage of international directories provides global contacts in business, science and technology, government, the arts, hobbies, and other arenas.

Section 2: What You'll Find in a DIP Entry and Searchable Fields

Directories in Print (DIP) provides detailed information on directories of all types. The main method used to store entries is by directory name; however, there many ways to find entries, including by Keyword, or by some other specific field of data using Advanced Search (refer to the Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) column in the table below).

When you search for entries, your search results will show the main fields of data, enough to give you a brief view of the directory profiled. The full entry can be viewed on the entry display page by selecting the entry name from your results list.

Tip: The table below lists the kinds of information you will find in the entries in this eDirectory. Note that not all fields are present in every entry.

The Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es) column lists which Advanced Search index to use to search that field.

Field of Information Description Corresponding Advanced Search Index(es)
Directory Title Title of the directory is given in English. If no English-language title is available, the foreign-language title will be given. DIP cites an entry according to what is listed on the publication’s title page, except in cases where the result would be confusing or unclear. For example: Publications that have generic titles such as “Membership Directory” or “Roster” have been cited and alphabetized according to the names of the organizations issuing them; e.g., “Society of Widget Designers -- Membership Directory.” If a Buyer’s Guide is part of or issued by a periodical, it is listed under the name of the periodical; e.g., “Widget World -- Buyer’s Guide Issue.” Where two or more forms of a title are available, the editors have generally selected the longer form of the title.

Name (ti)
Product/Publication Title (pt)
Keyword (ke)

Publisher/Compiler Generally, the name mentioned in the address at the beginning of each entry is the name of the organization or publishing company that both compiled and issued the directory. When the compiler and the publisher are known to be different, the name of the compiling organization appears here, and the name of the publisher appears under the rubric Orders to, near the end of the listing.  
Address, Phone, Free, Fax, and Telex These items refer to the specific office responsible for the directory. Some publishers have directory offices in several cities that are responsible for individual publications; the DIP address, phone, toll-free number, facsimile number, and telex number are for the office responsible for the specific directory listed.

Area Code (ar)
City (cc)
State (sc)
Zip (zc)
Country (cn)

Email The electronic mail address of the publishing company. May also include the e-mail address(es) of the directory and/or its representative, where available.  
Website The publisher’s World Wide Web address. Usually, it should be used as an additional point of contact for the publisher. However, it can represent an actual online directory site.  
Contact Name and title are given, if reported, of the author, editor, manager, director, etc.

Officers (na)
Keyword (ke)

Foreign Language Name Title of the directory given in languages other than English, if available.

Name (ti)

Formerly / Absorbed / Also known as / Formed by the merger of / Former name / Merged with / Superseded by / Supersedes Title changes occurring since 1980 are included under any of these rubrics, if reported. The year in which the title actually changed appears after the former title in parentheses, if given.  
Title Note Information indicating the extent of coverage of the directory. For example, may indicate the geographic region covered by the directory.  
Subtitle Information is listed if applicable.

Name (ti)

Covers / Database covers / Number of listings / Publication includes / Description One of these headings appears in most listings. Covers is used to introduce a brief description of the scope of the work, such as number of entries, industry or profession covered, and geographical area covered; minor features are not mentioned. Database covers serves the same purpose as Covers; however, these directories are in database format, not print, unless otherwise noted within the entry. Number of listings is used when the content of the directory is adequately described by the title. Publication includes precedes a description of directory features in a publication that is primarily non-directory in nature. Description is used when more background information is needed to fully describe the publication, when the preceding rubrics are less applicable to a publication, or when the publication is available in alternate formats.

Description (de)
Keyword (ke)

Entries include / Database includes These fields give a description of the type of information contained in a single, typical entry in the principal directory section of the publication. If the publication has two or more substantial directory sections and they differ markedly in detail provided, a separate description is given for each.


Arrangement The description following this heading also applies to the principal directory section. Again, if there are two or more substantial directory sections and they differ markedly, a separate indication of arrangement is given for each. Terms most commonly used are:
  • Alphabetical—e.g., by personal name if a membership list or similar publication, or by company name if a business directory
  • Geographical— i.e., by major geographic units, and then by subdivision of each larger unit, with listings alphabetical within the smallest geographical unit used
  • Classified—e.g., companies grouped under product and service headings, or professionals under their specialties
Indexes Identifies any section of a directory that provides a listing of the title’s entries that is rearranged by different criteria from the main section and refers the user to the more detailed section. For example, in an industrial directory with detailed entries that are arranged alphabetically by company name, a separate list arranged by city and state that included only the company name would be described as a geographical index.  
Also includes This phrase precedes comment on important non-directory information contained in the publication, such as bibliographies, rosters without addresses, glossaries, and maps.


Language(s) If the directory is published in a language other than English, or if it is published in English and another language, the languages are listed here. This rubric is generally omitted if English is the only language used in the directory.

Language (pn)

Pages The approximate number of pages in the publication described is reported. The number of pages is omitted if the major part of the publication is non-directory.


Frequency The editors have attempted to be as specific as possible in describing frequency, but considerable variation from stated frequencies and dates should be expected. Years of past as well as future editions have been mentioned for irregular publications to give some indication of possible frequency.

Publication Frequency (fq)

Accepts advertising This notation appears when the directory accepts advertising.

Advertising Accepted (aa)

Circulation This figure, if reported, is only mentioned if advertising is accepted.  
Price Price is for sales of single copies to buyers in the United States, and may not include shipping unless so specified. In spite of extensive research, price statements may occasionally be incorrect, and publishers/distributors are free to change prices at any time. Therefore, to minimize any inconvenience, please contact the publisher directly before placing an order.

Subscription Rate (st)

ISSN The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) assigned by the Library of Congress is listed if reported.

ISSN (ir)

Orders to / U.S. Distributor When the address for orders is significantly different from the editorial address used at the beginning of the listing, the ordering address and phone number is supplied under this heading. For titles published outside the United States, the rubric U.S. Distributor is used.  
Formerly published by / Former publisher name / Publisher also known as / Published in cooperation with / Published for the organization by Additional publisher information, if reported, is listed here under any of these rubrics.  
Online / Available online For directories available as parts of online databases, both the names of the hosts and the titles of the databases and/or files have been given. The statement Available online appears when no specific information is given.

Available Online (al)

Alternate formats Formats include magnetic tape, diskette, CD-ROM, microfiche, 3x5 cards, mailing labels, computer printouts, and others. Any special requirements or limitations will be indicated when known. Price and source are given when known.

Additional Formats (af)

Section Each directory is assigned one of 26 broad subject categories based on their major content or focus. For example, directories concerned with education and training in business administration have been assigned to the "Management and Labor" category rather than the "Education" category. The Sections are listed below.

Section Heading (sh)
Section Number (sn)
Keyword (ke)

Gale Document Number Displays the document's unique identifying number.  

DIP Sections

Search Tip: When searching for a specific section by name, use the Section Heading (sh) index. You may enter a single word from the name (be sure to use a unique word and not one that appears in multiple headings), or just the first few letters with the asterisk (*) wildcard. For exmample, you could enter military. Or enter: mil*  Note that your results will contain all entries within the "Law, Military, and Government (19)" section, and not just those focused exclusively on military-related entries.

When searching by section number, use the Section Number (sn) index and enter the number. It is not necessary to add parentheses around the number as they will be ignored. For example, enter: 19

While the Keyword (ke) index does search section headings and numbers, it also searches several other key fields within the entry, so your results will not be as precise as when using the sh and sn indexes.

  1. General Business: Including multi-industry business directories of the United States and other countries
  2. Manufacturing Industries and Commercial Services: Including industries such as automobile, plastics, paper, metalworking, and other specific lines of business; suppliers of raw materials, equipment, and services to these industries
  3. Construction Industries and Real Estate: Including construction of homes, offices, and public buildings; real estate brokers and services; lists of real estate properties
  4. Retail, Wholesale, and Consumer Service Industries: Including grocery, hard goods, and service retailers and wholesalers; suppliers of services, supplies, and equipment to these industries
  5. Banking, Insurance, and Financial Services: Including banking industry, insurance, investments, securities, mortgage lending, financial planning
  6. Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences: Including farming, agribusiness, livestock, horticulture, and animal care
  7. Transportation, Utilities, and Municipal Services: Including road construction, shipping, rail, air transport; electric, telephone, and other utilities and related services
  8. Management and Labor: Including business administration, consulting, human resources, labor, occupational safety, corporate communications
  9. Advertising, Marketing, and Public Relations: Including advertising services and agencies, market research firms, publicity, demographics, trade shows (general)
  10. Library and Information Sciences: Including libraries and librarians, archives, information science, general information sources
  11. Publishing and Broadcast Media: Including book publishing and selling; newspapers and journalism; periodical publishing; microforms, electronic publishing, and other alternative formats; television, cable television, and radio broadcasting
  12. Telecommunications and Computer Science: Including data processing and computer research, manufacturing, retailing, installations, and user groups; telecommunications systems and research
  13. Medicine: Including individual medical specialties, nursing, medical education and research, services to physicians
  14. Health Care Services: Including hospitals and clinics, therapy, mental health services, pharmacy, health insurance, public health, products and services for the disabled
  15. Science and Technology: Including life sciences, chemistry, earth sciences, astronomy, engineering, mathematics, research and development
  16. Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment: Including forestry, mining, resource recovery, conventional and alternative energy sources, environmental concerns, conservation, waste management
  17. Social Sciences and Humanities: Including archaeology, anthropology, history, sociology, demography, languages, popular culture, political science, American studies, philosophy, museums (general guides)
  18. Education: Including elementary and secondary education, colleges and universities, vocational education, study and teaching of education, special education, placement and counseling
  19. Law, Military, and Government: Including national, regional, state, and local government agencies and officials; lawyers and the study of law; politicians; political movements; military agencies and related organizations
  20. Community Services and Social : Including human services such as abuse prevention, self-help, crime prevention, family and elderly affairs, social service organizations; alternative culture, world affairs, peace, terrorism, human and animal rights
  21. Associations, Philanthropy, Ethnic Groups, and Religion: Including associations in general, foundations, nonprofit organizations, volunteer efforts; religious, spiritual, and New Age affairs; ethnic groups and minorities
  22. Biography and Genealogy: Including biographical directories and dictionaries (who’s whos); guides to genealogical organizations and resources
  23. Arts and Entertainment: Including visual and performing arts and artists
  24. Travel and Restaurants: Including travel and tourist services; hotels, motels, bed and breakfast inns, and other accommodations; restaurants; tourist attractions
  25. Sports and Outdoor Recreation: Including organized sports such as baseball, basketball, soccer, and tennis; cycling, camping, canoeing, hunting, and other forms of outdoor recreation; parks and recreation areas; suppliers of sporting goods and services
  26. Hobbies and Leisure Activities: Including handicrafts, collecting, gardening, pets, fan clubs, amateur radio

Section 3: Comments and Suggestions Welcome

Users can make important contributions to future editions of DIP by notifying the staff of specific directories not yet listed, as well as subject fields, geographic regions, and types of directories that could be covered more thoroughly. Comments on the format and usefulness of DIP are also welcome.

Please contact:

Project Editor
Directories in Print
Gale, Cengage Learning
27500 Drake Rd.
Farmington Hills, MI 48331-3535

Phone: (248) 699-4253
Toll-free: 800-877-GALE
Fax: (248) 699-8075

Visit us at

View all eDirectories.

Related topics:

  • Welcome to Gale Directory Library
  • Product Overview
  • Acknowledgments
  • Advanced Search Indexes Based on the Publication(s) You Choose